How to

Creating a Windows Vista Recovery CD

Posted on ខែ​មេសា 26, 2009. Filed under: How to | ស្លាក: , , , , , , |

If you purchased a new computer with Windows Vista preinstalled on it, you may have received an actual Windows Vista DVD with your purchase or a Recovery Disk created by the computer’s manufacturer, or maybe your new computer came with a Recovery Partition on the hard disk in lieu of a Recovery Disk. While a Recovery Disk or a Recovery Partition will allow you to restore your computer to the original settings from the manufacturer, chances are you will not be able to use it to repair your Windows Vista installation. For that, you will need an actual Windows Vista DVD that contains the Windows Recovery Environment; without the tools contained in the Windows Recovery Environment, you cannot repair your current installation.

Fortunately, Microsoft is adding the ability to create a Windows Recovery CD to Vista SP1. However, if you want to create a Windows Recovery CD before SP1 arrives, the folks over at NeoSmart Technologies have made available a copy of the Windows Recovery CD ISO image that Microsoft created for the SP1 Beta test. In this edition of the Windows Vista Report, I’ll show you how you can get this ISO image and create your own Windows Recovery CD.

Getting the ISO

Due to the popularity of NeoSmart Technologies’ Windows Recovery CD ISO image — a 120MB download available from their site — NeoSmart has made the image available as a torrent file as well as a download version, although in order to get the ISO file you’ll need to download the torrent version.

Using ISO Recorder

Once you get the ISO file, you will need a way to burn it to a CD. You may already have a CD burning application such as Nero, but if you’d like to add the ability to burn ISO files directly from within Vista, download the Vista version of ISO Recorder from Alex Fienman’s site.

Once you download the ZIP file, installing ISO Recorder is a snap. Double-click Setup, and click through the Open File Security Warning and User Account Control dialog boxes. When you see the ISO Recorder Setup Wizard (Figure A), simply follow the onscreen instructions and you’ll have ISO Recorder installed in a matter of moments.

At this point, insert a blank CD into your CD burner. When you see the AutoPlay dialog box, just close it.

ISO Recorder, originally written as a Shell extension, integrates itself right into Windows Explorer. To launch it, locate the ISO file, right-click, and select the Copy Image To CD command.

When you see the CD Recording Wizard (Figure C), click Next. The program will burn the ISO image to your CD and in a few minutes the CD will eject. You may then close the CD Recording Wizard.

Booting from the Windows Recovery CD

Now that you’ve created your Windows Recovery CD, test it to make sure that it will work in the event you need it one day. To do so, restart your computer with the CD in the drive. As the system reboots, follow the instructions on the screen to make your computer boot from the CD. Be patient as the Windows Recovery Environment, which actually uses Windows PE (Preinstallation Environment) to boot up, will take some time.

Once the system begins to boot from the CD, a black screen with a light gray progress bar will appear.

Finally, the Install Windows dialog box, which prompts you to select Language, Time and Currency format, and Keyboard preferences, will appear on the screen (Figure F). Since you are not really installing Windows, you may bypass this dialog box by clicking Next.

When you see the second Install Windows dialog box,click the Repair Your Computer option. Do not click the Install Now button.

The first System Recovery Options dialog box will appear (Figure H). When prompted, select your operating system and click Next.

The main System Recovery Options dialog box will appear (Figure I). If this were a real system failure, you would choose one of the appropriate recovery tools from the list. However, since this is only a test, you can simply click the Restart button.

Source: blogs.techrepublic.com.com

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Hidden Trick to Close Windows Explorer in Vista

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 23, 2008. Filed under: How to | ស្លាក: |

If you want to test an explorer shell plugin or registry hack without having to log off, more technical users will usually just kill the explorer.exe process in Task Manager. Windows Vista has another way to do the same thing that you might not be aware of.Alternate Close Explorer Method

Open the Start menu and then hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys at the same time. Right-click on an empty area of the menu, and you’ll see a new option called “Exit Explorer”

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The taskbar should completely disappear, and any open folder windows if you are using default explorer settings.

Classic Close Explorer Method

Pull up Task Manager with Ctrl+Shift+Esc and then right-click on explorer.exe in the process list, and choose End Process.

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Restart Explorer

Use Ctrl+Shift+Esc to bring up Task Manager, and then go to File \ Run and type in explorer into the run box.

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The start menu will re-appear, but you might notice a few tray icons will be missing until you log off and back on. (or restart those applications)

The only real benefit to using the alternate method is that Explorer has a chance to properly shut down, rather than just killing the process which could screw things up. Also, it’s fun to know these hidden tricks =)

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Create a Shortcut to Eject the CD/DVD Drive

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 15, 2008. Filed under: How to | ស្លាក: , |

There’s a number of ways to accomplish this, but the best way is to use the NirCmd utility from the excellent Nirsoft. It does a lot more than just eject the cd-rom drive, so be sure to read the information on their site about all the capabilities.

Right-click on the desktop or elsewhere and choose New \ Shortcut.

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In the location box, put the full path to the nircmd.exe file that you downloaded, and append the “cdrom open” command to the end of it, adjusting the drive letter to match your disc drive:

“C:\path\to\nircmd.exe” cdrom open D:

Note the location of the quotes.. if you are using a path with spaces in it, you need to make sure the quotes are only around the path to the executable, and the arguments should be placed after the quote.

Give the shortcut a meaningful name, like Eject CD or something like that, and you’ll have a new icon (read below on how to use the cd-rom icon as shown)

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You can move the icon to anywhere you’d like… double-clicking on it will immediately eject the drive.

Create a Shortcut to Close the CD/DVD Drive

You can follow the same exact instructions as above, but instead of “cdrom open” just substitute “cdrom close”.

Download NirCmd from nirsoft.net

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Fix for When Clock, Volume, Power or Network Icons are Missing in Vista

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 14, 2008. Filed under: How to, Registry | ស្លាក: , , , |

So you notice you are missing icons in the System Tray, like the clock or volume icons, and then you realize that you simply can’t enable them because the checkboxes are grayed out. So what do you do?

Fix for Notification Icons are Missing and Checkboxes are Grayed Out

You can solve all of these problems by looking in two separate places in the registry, and then deleting a bunch of keys in each location. We’ll detail all of the keys here, but you can skip down a bit for a downloadable registry hack file.

Open up regedit.exe through the start menu search or run box, and then browse down to the following key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

If you see any of the following key names in the right-hand pane, delete them:

* NoTrayItemsDisplay
* HideClock
* HideSCAPower
* HideSCAVolume
* NoAutoTrayNotify
* HideSCANetwork

After deleting the values in that pane, browse to the following key and then repeat the process:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\
Explorer

Source: My Friends… Pc Tips for Khmer….

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Create a System Restore Point Shortcut Icon

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 8, 2008. Filed under: How to, Registry | ស្លាក: |

If you want to manually create the script, create a new file named something.vbs and paste in the following. Otherwise the downloadable scripts are provided at the bottom of the article.

If WScript.Arguments.Count = 0 Then
Set objShell = CreateObject(”Shell.Application”)
objShell.ShellExecute “wscript.exe”, WScript.ScriptFullName & ” Run”, , “runas”, 1
Else
GetObject(”winmgmts:\\.\root\default:Systemrestore”).CreateRestorePoint “description”, 0, 100
End If

You’ll notice that there’s a shellexecute line with a “runas”, which will automatically re-launch the script as administrator in order to create the restore point.

Once you have the script file saved somewhere, you’ll likely want to create a shortcut that you can customize. Just right-click / drag the file to where you want the shortcut… and choose “Create Shortcuts Here” when prompted.

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One of the best features in Windows Vista is the updated System Restore feature, which saves people from certain destruction on a nearly daily basis, judging from the feedback on our forums. The only problem is that it takes far too many steps to manually create a new restore point. Can’t we just make a shortcut icon for it?

Naturally, we can. It’s as simple as a little vbscript that creates a restore point.

Now you’ll have a shortcut icon that can be used to create a restore point. Note that you could change the icon in the shortcut properties if you want, or even assign a hotkey.

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The downloadable script contains two different scripts, the default one will prompt you to type in a description for the restore point (very helpful when restoring), but there’s also a CreateRestorePointSilent script that will simply create the restore point without the prompt.

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If you want to verify that the restore point is created, you can open up System Restore through the start menu search or control panel, and then choose the option to “Choose a restore point”, at which point you should see the new item in the list:

Remember to create a restore point whenever you are making changes to your system that you aren’t confident about… like installing questionable software.

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Enable or Disable UAC From the Windows Vista Command Line

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 8, 2008. Filed under: How to, Registry | ស្លាក: , |

If you’ve used Windows Vista for more than 3.7 minutes, you know what UAC (User Account Control) is.. it’s the obnoxious, nagging popup window that will be your life for the next 3-5 years unless you switch back to XP in frustration, or to a better OS like… OS X, Suse, Ubuntu, or even XP.

Note: Disabling UAC will lead to a less secure system, so be warned.

Windows needs your permission to annoy the crap out of you:


uac3.png

There’s a quick way you can enable or disable this annoying window from the command line:

Disable UAC

C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe /k %windir%\System32\reg.exe ADD HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System /v EnableLUA /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

Enable UAC

C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe /k %windir%\System32\reg.exe ADD HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System /v EnableLUA /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

After you enable or disable UAC, you will have to reboot your computer for the changes to take effect.

Tips : copy the command line text and paste into notepad then save it as: enable “uac.bat” and double click on it.

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How to Disable SuperFetch on Windows Vista

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 8, 2008. Filed under: How to | ស្លាក: , |

The SuperFetch service in Windows Vista preloads your system’s memory with the applications that you use most often. This makes launching of those applications much faster, but it might be an unwanted behavior for system tweakers or gamers.

There’s no hard evidence that enabling or disabling this service will increase performance in general, but if you open and close applications often you should definitely leave it alone. You will have to test your configuration to know for sure.

Note that I don’t recommend disabling this service, but we try to cover how to do everything on Vista.

Open up Services in Control Panel or by typing services.msc into the Start menu search or run boxes.

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Double-click on Superfetch in the list to open up the properties, and then change the drop-down to “Disabled”. You can also click Stop to immediately turn it off.

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I don’t recommend this tweak for regular users, but somebody might find it useful.

Source: Pc tips for khmer…

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Disable Shortcut Icon Arrow Overlay in Windows Vista

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 3, 2008. Filed under: How to | ស្លាក: |

The shortcut icons in Windows Vista have Huge arrows on them. If you are worried about the look of your desktop, you may not want to see the ugly arrows. Here’s some before and after pictures so you’ll know what to expect:

Default:

Shortcut Arrow Removed:

Note: Because so many people have written in about problems with the registry tweaks, I’m going to suggest that you use the FrameworkX application first.

Preferred Method: Using Vista Shortcut Overlay Remover utility

You can download a small, free utility from Frameworkx.com that will easily let you remove the shortcut arrows without having to do any registry patches.

Download Vista Shortcut Overlay Remover from frameworkx.com

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Hack Vista’s screensavers

Posted on ខែកក្កដា 3, 2008. Filed under: How to, Registry | ស្លាក: , , |

For reasons inexplicable to mere mortals, Microsoft doesn’t allow you to customize how Windows Vista’s screensavers work — for example, by changing how the bubbles look in the Bubbles screensaver, or the number or thickness of the ribbons in the Ribbons screensaver.

If you’re willing to get your hands dirty by using the Registry, though, you can customize both. For the Bubbles screensaver, for example, you can turn the bubbles metallic or keep them transparent, configure whether the bubbles should have shadows, and display the bubbles against the desktop or instead against a solid black background. For the Ribbons screensaver, you can change the number and thickness of the ribbons.

To customize the Bubbles screensaver, launch the Registry Editor by typing regedit at the Start Search box or at a command prompt and pressing Enter. Then:

1. Go to

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Screensavers\Bubbles

Select Edit > New DWORD (32-bit) Value, and create a new DWORD called MaterialGlass. Type 1 in the Value data field if you want glassy, transparent bubbles, or type 0 for metallic bubbles.



Setting the DWORD value.

2. Create a DWORD called ShowShadows, and give it a value of 1 to display shadows below the bubbles, and a value of 0 to have no shadow displayed.

3. Create a DWORD called ShowBubbles and give it a value of 1 to show the bubbles on the desktop, and a value of 0 to show them against a solid black background.

4. When you exit the Registry Editor, your new settings will take effect.

You can similarly hack the Ribbons screensaver. To do it, open the Registry Editor and then:

1. Go to

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Screensavers\Ribbons

Select Edit > New DWORD (32-bit) Value, and create a new DWORD called NumRibbons. Click Decimal, and then type in the number of ribbons you want to be displayed. The minimum number of ribbons is 1; the maximum is 256.

2. Create a DWORD called RibbonWidth, click Decimal, and then type in a number to determine the width of each ribbon. The smaller the number, the narrower the ribbon.

3. When you exit the Registry Editor, your new settings will take effect.

Source: Pc Tips For khmer

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